Displaying items by tag: Indonesia
Indonesia: Semen Gresik, a subsidiary of Semen Indonesia, will receive a non-cash loan facility worth US$123m from the lender to build a new 3Mt/yr cement plant in Rembang regency, Central Java.
Cement producer PT Semen Gresik, subsidiary of state-owned PT Semen Indonesia, has secured a letter of credit (L/C) facility to help finance the construction of its newest plant. Under the deal, Abdul Rachman, the state lender of Bank Mandiri, agreed to issue L/Cs for Semen Gresik for the next 42 months to support the purchase of machinery or equipment from overseas. The equipment will be used to construct Semen Gresik's new plant in Rembang, Central Java. The plant is worth US$325m and is expected to commence operations in 2016 with a cement production capacity of 3Mt/yr.
The plants will be operated by subsidiary PT Semen Padang and are currently able to produce up to 6.5Mt/yr of cement. "We are looking to increase the annual capacity by 3Mt/yr and the project will need around US$281m in investment," said Semen Indonesia finance director, Ahyanizzaman. "About half of the costs will be financed by our internal funds and the rest by a syndicated loan, led by Mandiri." Supported by the Rembang and Indarung plants, Semen Indonesia's total production capacity will surge to 40Mt/yr by 2017, from the 31.8Mt/yr that has been forecast for 2014.
Indonesia: PT Indocement Tunggal Prakarsa Tbk has predicted that cement demand will increase in 2014. Indocement corporate secretary Sahat Panggabean pinned the prediction on increasing infrastructure and real estate projects in 2014.
In order to meet market demand Indocement is currently building a 4.4Mt/yr cement plant in Citeureup. The company is also in the process of seeking licenses for the two 2.5Mt/yr greenfield cement plants to be built in Central Java and a location outside of Java respectively.
In 2013 Indocement faced increased competition from new cement producers in the market and expanded cement production capacity established producers. Indocement also pointed out to Indonesian news agency Antara that some of the new producers were importing cement into the country from abroad.
Indonesia: Indocement Tunggal Prakasa, Indonesia's second largest cement manufacturer, posted a 5.2% increase in its profit in 2013, reaching US$440m. Its revenue also surged by 8.1% to reach US$1.65bn for 2013. It attributed its improved fortunes to an increase in cement prices. "The company used the good market momentum to increase prices, contributing to the increase in net revenue," said Indocement in a statement. Indocement's cement and clinker sales volumes increased by 1.2% to reach 18.2Mt in 2013.
Indonesia: The Indonesian Cement Association (ASI) has warned that imported cement from Thailand and Vietnam is damaging the fortunes of local cement producers. ASI chairman Widodo Santoso predicted that demand for Indonesian-made cement in eastern Indonesia fell by 29.5% year-on-year to 93,000t in the first quarter of 2014. He blamed the 'drastic' fall of demand from Nusa Tenggara and Papua on imported cement.
National demand for cement in Indonesia grew by 1.6% year-on-year in February 2014 with cement sales at 4.47Mt. Cement demand in Java, the country's largest provincial consumer, rose by 3.4% year-on-year in February 2014.
In December 2013 the Indonesian Trade Ministry issued the Trade Minister Regulation No.40/2013 on the Import of Cement Clinker and Cement, which required cement importers to have a registered license prior to receiving imports approval. According to Widodo, imports would be prioritised for cement producers who build new cement plants. Other reasons for the country's lower increase in cement demand have been attributed to excessive rain, the eruption of Mount Kelud and preparations for elections.
The ASI estimates that cement sales in 2014 will reach 62Mt/yr, an increase of 5 - 6% over 2013. Exports are predicted to reach 1.5 - 2.0Mt/yr.
Indonesia: Hazemag & EPR has won a contract to supply a large crushing plant for a Sinoma International Engineering cement plant project on behalf of PT Cemindo Gemilang. The completed cement plant will have a production capacity of 10,000t/day and will be situated in Bayah, Java. Delivery of the plant is scheduled for the end of 2014.
The crushing plant to be supplied consists of a large apron feeder and a wobbler feeder for pre-screening. The impact crusher, with a rotor diameter of 2.5m and a rotor width of 3.0m, is the largest impact crusher that Hazemag produces. The crushing plant also includes a smaller apron feeder to allow two different raw materials to be processed at the same time. The crusher is equipped with a GSK-rotor and a hydraulic impact apron support system HAZtronic®. The total plant capacity is 2500t/hr.
There has been an interesting knock-on effect from further economic integration of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) this week. Holcim Philippines may delay the construction of a 2.5Mt/yr cement plant in Bulacan province due to a drop in import tariffs in 2015. Vietnam or Indonesia were named as possible sources of clinker due to their excess capacity.
The ASEAN group comprises 10 countries including Brunei, Indonesia, Malaysia, the Philippines, Singapore, Thailand, Vietnam, Laos, Myanmar and Cambodia. Their respective cement production capacities range from 0.3Mt/yr at a clinker grinding plant in Singapore to Indonesia's integrated cement production capacity of 45Mt/yr. In total the ASEAN countries have a production capacity of around 220Mt/yr for a population of about 600m with national gross domestic products (GDP) per capita ranging from US$900 (Laos) to US$52,000 (Singapore).
One scenario for cement producers in the ASEAN countries is that they might be swamped by exports from places like Vietnam. That country had a production capacity of 73Mt/yr in 2013 with cement sales predicted to rise to 63Mt in 2014. Assuming the government released figures are correct, that leaves at least a 10Mt of cement production-sales gap that could torpedo a neighbouring country's cement industry in the free trade area.
Indonesia, the other potential source of clinker that Holcim Philippines mentioned, has seen construction growth slow and production capacity grow. Holcim reported in its nine-month report in November 2013 that, while national cement sales had risen by 5.3% to 41.6Mt, supply capacity had risen by 9% to 59Mt/yr. Assuming equal sales distribution throughout this suggests a capacity gap of 4Mt.
Some politicians in the region have complained that impending free trade area will create winners and losers. At a recent ASEAN meeting in Yangon, Myanmar a Myanmar planning minister raised the issue of a development gap within the ASEAN region calling for renegotiation for countries like Myanmar, Cambodia and Laos.
Meanwhile both the cement industries in Vietnam and Indonesia have clearly anticipated the implications of the ASEAN Economic Community. The Vietnam National Cement Association expects to remain competitive within the ASEAN region and against Chinese imports after 2015. In Indonesia State Enterprises Minister Dahlan Iskan stated this week that the cement industry was ready for the ASEAN Economic Community thanks to the government's strategy to consolidate its major cement producers within one company, Semen Indonesia. Consistent cement industry growth in South East Asia may be about to change.
Indonesia: FLSmidth has received a Euro42m order from Indonesian cement producer PT Semen Gresik for a greenfield cement plant with a capacity of 8000t/day. The new plant will be located just outside of the city of Rembang in the north east of Java, Indonesia.
The order comprises equipment for the main part of the production line, including a raw mill, coal mill, preheater, kiln, burner, clinker cooler and silo equipment as well as a complete control system for the entire plant. The order will be booked by the Cement Division and will contribute beneficially to FLSmidth's earnings until the end of 2015.
The new cement plant will be PT Semen Gresik's fifth production line. FLSmidth has supplied the company's four other production lines that are located in Tuban, Java. PT Semen Gresik is part of the PT Semen Indonesia Group, which currently has a total capacity of 30Mt/yr of cement from all of its plants.
"This is the second order to FLSmidth from the PT Semen Indonesia Group within two months and we are happy to continue our long successful partnership with the group," said president of the Cement Division, Per Mejnert Kristensen.
Indonesia: Holcim Indonesia has reported that its sales volumes fell by 2% year-on-year to 8.43Mt in 2013 from 8.58Mt in 2012, according to the Indonesian Cement Association (ASI). Its sales accounted for 14.5% of the domestic market share.
Thank you to everyone who commented on the column in last week's Global Cement Weekly (GCW132, MINTed cement industries). Amongst the more interesting thoughts was that in a large cement producing country like the US, there are regional areas of focus. So, returning to neologisms, FACT might refer to, say, Florida, Alabama, California and Texas, four southern states with the highest cement production capacities in the union. Similar regional breakdowns could be applied to countries such as China, India or Brazil.
Following last week's look at the MINT (Mexico, Indonesia, Nigeria and Turkey) economies in the context of cement we now take a quick recap on what has been happening in the 'I' of the MINT, Indonesia.
Indonesia has a population of 238m, a cement production capacity of 47Mt and a Gross Domestic Product (GDP) of US$1.29tr. Both its cement consumption per capita and GDP per capita are low by international standards suggesting that it has considerable growth potential for its cement industry as its wider economy grows.
Indonesia's biggest cement producer, the state owned Semen Indonesia (formerly Semen Gresik) has reported to local media that its unaudited net profit rose by 14% year-on-year in 2013 to US$410m. Its revenue rose by 12% to US$1.8bn. Its new 1.5Mt/yr cement plant in Tuban, East Java has been reported as being operational, bringing Semen Indonesia's cement production capacity up to 31.8Mt/yr in 2014.
The country's second biggest cement producer, Indocement, has not reported any figures for 2013 as a whole yet. However parent company HeidelbergCement did note that the Indonesian economy had slowed down as a result of falling commodity prices. Cement and clinker sales including exports rose by 0.6% in the first nine months of 2013. Around mid-2013 local media reported that Indocement was losing market share in Indonesia.
Holcim Indonesia has also not revealed its financial situation in 2013. However, like Indocement, Holcim Indonesia reported with its third quarter results that economic growth had 'temporarily' flattened in the country. Operating results had not improved on levels in 2012.
Overall domestic cement sales rose by 5.8% year-on-year to 47Mt for the first 10 months of 2013 according to data from the Indonesian Cement Association. Previous annual rises in cement production and cement consumption had started to slow in 2012.
Growth in the Indonesian cement industry is also having an effect on the larger geographical region. Australian cement producer Boral suspended clinker production at its Waurn Ponds plant in late 2012 due to cheaper imports from countries such as Indonesia. New Zealand followed suit in mid-2013 when Holcim announced plans to build cement import terminals instead of building a new cement plant at Weston.
In summary it seems likely that the cement market in Indonesia slowed down in the first half of 2013 but it still appears to be generating growth none-the-less, true to the MINT pattern. Market analysts from Kim Eng agree, pinning issues with domestic cement consumption in 2013 on capacity bottlenecks and over-crowded ports. Growth in the cement markets for the MINT countries may seem likely but in the case of Indonesia it cannot be assumed.
There was a great quote on BBC News from Nigerian cement mogul Aliko Dangote to start 2014 with: "Can you imagine, can you believe, that [Nigeria] has been growing at 7%/yr with no power, with zero power? It's a joke."
In the article Dangote is describing economic growth in Nigeria and the BBC points out that 170 million people in Nigeria use the same amount of power as 1.5 million people do in the UK. The author then goes on to predict that Nigeria could grow at a rate of 10 – 12%, by just solving power infrastructure in the country.
For the start of 2014 the British state broadcaster has been running a radio series on the so-called MINT economies. The term refers to the growing economies of Mexico, Indonesia, Nigeria and Turkey and is being used as a new buzzword in the same fashion as BRIC (Brazil, Russia, India and China) to describe broadly similar growing economies outside the traditional western bloc dominated by the G7.
Comparing the cement industries in the MINT countries raises some discrepancies between the desires of Western economists and the local cement industries. Mexico has a population of 118m, a Gross Domestic Product (GDP) of US$1.85tr and a cement production capacity of 50Mt/yr. Indonesia has a population of 238m, a GDP of US$1.29tr and a cement production capacity of 47Mt/yr. Nigeria has a population of 175m, a GDP of US$479bn and a cement production capacity of 28Mt/yr. Turkey has a population of 74m, a GDP of US$1.17tr and a cement production capacity of 82Mt/yr.
Mexico and Turkey have the lower populations in the MINT group, the highest (and most similar) Gross Domestic Product (GDP) per capita at US$15,000 and are the more developed cement industries in the group with the higher cement production capacities per capita. All of the MINT countries have infrastructural issues that will require large amounts of cement in the coming years.
Highlighting Dangote's concerns we cover a cement industry news story this week from Nepal, where Dangote is considering potential locations for a cement plant. Part of the publicly reported meeting between Dangote and the Nepalese government concerned power requirements for the project. Dangote intends to generate 30MW itself and has asked Nepal to provide 30MW. From the CEO downwards the cement producer clearly understands the problems of underdeveloped infrastructure. This is not surprising given his comments above!
That MINT economies are growing powers will not surprise the cement industry. In this week's Global Cement Weekly, in addition to the Dangote story, we feature two news stories focusing on direct industry capital investment in Indonesia. Looking more widely nearly half the stories are from BRIC or MINT countries.