Displaying items by tag: Indonesia
Holcim Indonesia inaugurated a new cement terminal in Lampung last week. Unfortunately, the spectre of industry overcapacity haunts the country at present and the subsidiary of LafargeHolcim may be late to the party. The Indonesian Cement Association (ASI) has been publicly warning the government of overcapacity since the end of the summer. Its first line of action has been to lobby for restrictions on producer permits to slow the growth of new plants.
ASI figures show that cement sales in September 2016 fell by 3.3% to 5.64Mt compared to August 2016 due to lower residential sector demand. Domestic cement sales rose by 2.95% year-on-year to 44.7Mt in the first nine months of 2016 and the ASI expects sales growth of 3 – 4% for 2016 overall. Yet, the risk of overcapacity is stark. Cement production capacity has nearly doubled from 59.3Mt/yr in 2012 to 92.7Mt/yr in 2016 but demand is projected to only reach 65Mt in 2016, leaving a production oversupply of 27.7Mt. Regional consumption has fallen in Jakarta, Banten and West Java, particularly in the first two. Elsewhere, it has grown, particularly in Central Java, as well as Yogyakarta and East Java to a lesser extent.
Initial Global Cement Directory 2017 research places active production capacity at 66.3Mt/yr suggesting that the ASI may be exaggerating the risk of overcapacity. The additional c30Mt/yr capacity arises from plants that have been proposed, that are actually under construction or that have been mothballed. However, the ASI data should be more accurate as it represents the local producers. Either way, capacity is growing faster than consumption as can be seen in graph 1.
Graph 1: Cement consumption and production capacity in Indonesia, 2012 – 2016. Source: Indonesian Cement Association, Global Cement Directory 2012 – 2017.
Semen Indonesia, the country’s largest producer, reported that its revenue fell very slightly to US$1.4bn in the first nine months of 2016 and its net profit fell by 8.4% to US$215m. It blamed this on a fall in sales volumes and prices due to rising competition. The other large producers have said similar in the past. Indocement, the country’s second largest producer after Semen Indonesia, saw its revenue fall by 11.9% to US$837m in the first nine months of 2016 and its profit fell by 2.2% to US$231m. LafargeHolcim described the market as affected by overcapacity and ‘a difficult competitive environment.’
Back in May 2016 a feature on the predicament facing the Indonesian cement industry in the Jakarta Post suggested that producers were building new capacity despite the risks of overcapacity to win market share. Cement producers are about to find out whether this will work or not. Meanwhile it seems unlikely that the measures the ASI is suggesting will do much to alleviate the looming crisis. Still, on the positive side, it’s looking like a good time to buy cement as a consumer.
For more information about the cement industry in Indonesia view the first part of the Association of South East Asian Nations (ASEAN) feature in the October 2016 issue of Global Cement Magazine
Indonesia: Holcim Indonesia has officially inaugurated its new 1Mt/yr cement terminal in South Lampung. The event was attended by the Vice Regent of South Lampung Regency, Nanang Hermanto, the representatives of the Ministry of Industry and the Board of Directors of Holcim Indonesia. The US$26m project was started in 2014 and it will process bagged and bulk cement. It is intended to serve markets in Sumatera Island, especially in Lampung.
“We want to get closer to our customers and ensure secure supply to meet local demand in Lampung. This terminal applies the latest technology and environmental-friendly equipment and a jetty to support the operation,” said Gary Schutz, President Director of Holcim Indonesia.
Schutz also addressed the country’s economic slowdown and decreasing demand for cement by calling for the government to invest in delayed infrastructure projects. He said that numerous additions to the national cement production capacity has led to a ‘drastically’ over-supplied market outpacing demand by far for the next six to 10 years.
Indonesia: The Indonesian Cement Association (ASI) has reported that cement sales in September 2016 fell by 3.3% to 5.64Mt compared to August 2016. It blamed the decline on lower demand from the local housing industry. Cement sales fell sharply in Java, Sumatra and Kalimantan, while eastern parts of Indonesia, including Sulawesi, Maluku and Papua, saw an increase in sales, according to the Jakarta Globe.
"Weakening sales may be due to the lower demand from houses and apartments. Demand from infrastructure projects has been picking up since the second quarter of 2016, but still can't make up for the lack of demand from the property sector," said ASI chairman Widodo Santoso.
National cement sales rose by 2.95% year-on-year to 44.7Mt in the first nine months of 2016 and the ASI expects sales growth of 3 – 4% for 2016. However, cement producers fear that this growth rate will be insufficient to sustain investments in new cement plants. The ASI says that cement production in Indonesia has exceeded demand by more than 30%.
Indonesia: Industry Minister Airlangga Hartarto has said that the government is preparing regulations to restrict new cement plant permits being issued in a bid to maintain stable cement prices. The ministry’s director general for chemicals, textile and miscellaneous industry, Achmad Sigit Dwiwahjono, has also confirmed the proposed regulation, according to the Jakarta Post. Airlangga added that his ministry has also been considering other measures to tackle cement oversupply.
The Indonesian Cement Association (ASI) has lobbied the government to take action on oversupply. Cement production capacity has nearly doubled from 59.3Mt/yr in 2012 to 92.7Mt/yr in 2016. However, demand is projected to only reach 65Mt in 2016, leaving a production oversupply of 27.7Mt.
Indonesia: Cemengal has completed the commissioning period for Cemindo in Medan. Two Plug&Grind XL units are operational at the site, allowing the cement producer to sell nearly 0.5Mt/yr of cement. A third unit is also due to start work in the country in the next few months.
Indonesia: The Indonesia Cement Association (ASI) has urged the government to restrict the issuance of new licenses as the country's cement industry has been experiencing oversupply. Widodo Santoso, chairman of the ASI, told an industry seminar that there are 13 cement producers in the country with total production capacity of 92Mt/yr but that local demand is only reaching 63 – 65Mt/yr, according to Cogencis.
"The government should restrict investment in cement industry by leading the new cement investment to outside Java where there is no cement industry," said Santoso said.
Santoso added that 10 cement plants opened in 2015 and that four more are set to start operation in 2016. By 2017 the country’s cement production capacity may surpass 100Mt/yr. He recommended that local producers increase their exports. The ASI estimates that exports will increase to 2Mt/yr in 2016 from 0.5Mt/yr in 2015. Countries such as Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, Australia, African countries, and West Asian countries are among the destinations.
Indonesia: SDIC Papua Cement Indonesia's new cement plant in Manokwari, West Papua is set to start operation later in 2016. The director general of chemical, textile and numerous industries, Achmad Sigit Dwiwahyono, West Papua vice governor Irene Manibuy and president director of PT SDIC Group Lin Bing officiated at the operation of the new kiln on 27 August 2016, according to the Indonesian News Agency. The 3200t/day plant has been built at a cost of US$500m. It is hoped that the plant will stabilise the price of cement in the province and support local infrastructure development.
Indonesia: Holcim Indonesia has built a cement terminal in Lampung at a cost of US$30.6m. The 4.7 hectare facility will be able to process up to 1Mt/yr of cement. Holcim Indonesia’s Finance Director Mark Schmidt said that the company plans to operate the terminal in near time, according to the Jakarta Globe. The cement producer wants to use the terminal to strengthen cement sales and distribution in Lampung and South Sumatra.
Indonesia: Semen Indonesia’s cement sales volumes rose by 1.2% year-on-year to 12.4Mt in the first half of 2016 compared to the same period in 2015. Local sales rose by 1.6% to 12.2Mt but export volumes fell sharply by 20.1% to 0.19Mt. The decline in export sales was attributed to the Indarung cement plant in Padang province.
Cement consumption for the country as a whole rose by 3.1% to 29.5Mt for the first half of 2016, according to Indonesian Cement Association data. Increases in consumption were noted in most regions, with the exception of Kalimantan, where consumption fell by 16% to 2Mt. Notable increases in consumptions were recorded in Sulawesi, Maluku and West Papua. Overall exports of cement fell by 19.3% to 0.21Mt but clinker exports rose by 380% to 0.42Mt in the period.
Indonesia: Semen Indonesia is planning to spend up to US$100m in 2016 to buy foreign cement companies outside of Indonesia to grow its revenue, a company official has told Reuters. Agung Wiharto, the company's corporate secretary, attributed the move to local competition. He didn’t mention which countries the cement producer is considering. Semen Indonesia’s revenue fell slightly year-on-year to US$2.01bn in 2015.