Displaying items by tag: Myanmar
There has been an interesting knock-on effect from further economic integration of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) this week. Holcim Philippines may delay the construction of a 2.5Mt/yr cement plant in Bulacan province due to a drop in import tariffs in 2015. Vietnam or Indonesia were named as possible sources of clinker due to their excess capacity.
The ASEAN group comprises 10 countries including Brunei, Indonesia, Malaysia, the Philippines, Singapore, Thailand, Vietnam, Laos, Myanmar and Cambodia. Their respective cement production capacities range from 0.3Mt/yr at a clinker grinding plant in Singapore to Indonesia's integrated cement production capacity of 45Mt/yr. In total the ASEAN countries have a production capacity of around 220Mt/yr for a population of about 600m with national gross domestic products (GDP) per capita ranging from US$900 (Laos) to US$52,000 (Singapore).
One scenario for cement producers in the ASEAN countries is that they might be swamped by exports from places like Vietnam. That country had a production capacity of 73Mt/yr in 2013 with cement sales predicted to rise to 63Mt in 2014. Assuming the government released figures are correct, that leaves at least a 10Mt of cement production-sales gap that could torpedo a neighbouring country's cement industry in the free trade area.
Indonesia, the other potential source of clinker that Holcim Philippines mentioned, has seen construction growth slow and production capacity grow. Holcim reported in its nine-month report in November 2013 that, while national cement sales had risen by 5.3% to 41.6Mt, supply capacity had risen by 9% to 59Mt/yr. Assuming equal sales distribution throughout this suggests a capacity gap of 4Mt.
Some politicians in the region have complained that impending free trade area will create winners and losers. At a recent ASEAN meeting in Yangon, Myanmar a Myanmar planning minister raised the issue of a development gap within the ASEAN region calling for renegotiation for countries like Myanmar, Cambodia and Laos.
Meanwhile both the cement industries in Vietnam and Indonesia have clearly anticipated the implications of the ASEAN Economic Community. The Vietnam National Cement Association expects to remain competitive within the ASEAN region and against Chinese imports after 2015. In Indonesia State Enterprises Minister Dahlan Iskan stated this week that the cement industry was ready for the ASEAN Economic Community thanks to the government's strategy to consolidate its major cement producers within one company, Semen Indonesia. Consistent cement industry growth in South East Asia may be about to change.
India: Producers in the south of India have started exporting cement to Myanmar in response to depressed market conditions locally. Chettinad Cements, the India Cements, Dalmia Cements and Ramco Cements have all started shipping cement to Myanmar in the past few months, according to local media.
"We started shipments in January 2014 to Myanmar of about 10,000 - 12,000t. It is not very remunerative, but when the chips are down, we have do something to stay afloat," said Vipin Agarwal, CEO-south, Dalmia Cements. He added that producers make 'token' profits from this market but hope it will become profitable in the future. Dalmia transports its cement from Dalmiapuram in central Tamil Nadu to Tuticorin port for subsequent export. Ramco Cements also starting trialling cement exports to Myanmar in mid-2013, having shipped around 40,000t so far.
Agarwal said that demand in south India has continued to fall with growth in Karnataka, no change in Kerala and decreases in Tamil Nadu and Andhra Pradesh. Cement producers in the region are operating at 55% of their rated cement production capacities. Myanmar is the second export market that cement producers are testing, after Sri Lanka.
Myanmar: Citic Heavy Industries has signed a 5000t/day cement production line EPC general contract with Maylamyine Cement, a Myanmar-located subsidiary of Thailand's Siam Cement Group. The contract is valued at US$197m.
Myanmar: Siam Cement Group (SCG) has announced that it will build a 1.8Mt/yr greenfield cement plant costing US$386m in Mawlamyine, Myanmar. The plant will include a 40MW captive power plant, a 9MW waste heat recovery system, supporting port facilities and other infrastructures for future expansion.
"The Myanmar cement market is estimated at approximately 4Mt in the 2012 financial year and is forecasted to grow at 10%/yr over the next five years," said president and CEO of SCG, Kan Trakulhoon.
Built under Myanmar's Foreign Investment Law, the cement plant is expected to start in mid-2016.
Myanmar: Indonesia's largest cement producer PT Semen Indonesia, formerly Semen Gresik, has announced that it will build a US$200m cement plant in Myanmar early in 2014 as part of its expansion into the Southeast Asian market.
The company may pitch about US$70m for the plant, which it would set up with its Myanmar partners, as it aimed to control about a 40% stake in the planned joint venture, said president director Dwi Soetjipto in a press event reported by the Jakarta Post. The construction of the cement plant, designated with a capacity of 1Mt/yr, is scheduled to start in early 2014, while operations are expected to begin in 2017. Based on the firm's plan, the new plant will serve the Myanmar market and neighbouring countries like Thailand and Bangladesh.
The move by Semen Indonesia follows its acquisition of Vietnam's largest cement producer, Thang Long Cement Joint Stock Company, in late 2012. It now aims to expand its annual capacity to 6.5Mt/yr from 2.3Mt/yr by establishing two new plants. At home in Indonesia, Semen Indonesia is also preparing for capacity upgrades with the construction of cement plants in Rembang, Central Java and Padang, West Sumatra, both with production capacities of over 2.5Mt/yr.
In 2013 the firm has targeted a domestic market share of up to 44%, up from 41% in 2012, supported by increased output to around 27Mt from 22.6Mt in 2012, according to Dwi. The overall domestic cement market is estimated to increase by more than 10% to 6Mt in 2013, according to the Indonesian Cement Association.
Myanmar: Siam Cement Group (SCG), Thailand's largest cement company, has announced that it will build a plant in 2013 in Myanmar's Taninthayi region, according to country manager Soontornpol Veerapravati.
"SCG is planning to manufacture its main products in Myanmar and will open four retail stores in Yangon, Mandalay, Nay Pyi Taw and one other major city. It will also expand its outlets in other locations," said Soontornpol.
Cement is currently in short supply in Myanmar although the government is granting more permits for build cement plants. SCG exports at least 22Mt/yr to neighbouring countries, including Myanmar.
Myanmar: Indonesian giant Semen Gresik has announced plans to build a cement factory in Myanmar with a production capacity of up to 2.5Mt/yr. The project is estimated to cost US$500m according to Ahyanizzaman, the finance director of Semen Gresik.
PT Semen Gresik is one of four state companies asked by the government under Indonesia Incorporated to expand its operations to Myanmar. Ahyanizzaman added that Semen Gresik chose to expand to Myanmar as demand for cement in that country is strong with supplies falling well short of demand. Cement demand in Myanmar is approximately 8Mt/yr compared to a current domestic production of 4Mt/yr.
The three other state companies asked to expand their operations to Myanmar include oil and gas company PT Pertamina, construction company Wijaya Karya and Bank Negara Indonesia.