Displaying items by tag: Pakistan
Pakistan: Cement exports from Pakistan fell by 36% year-on-year to 467,000t in September 2015, as the import duty by South Africa took a heavy toll on its exports.
"Around 45 – 50% of total cement exports were destined for South Africa before the duty was imposed," said Sheikh Adeel, Senior Manager of Sales and Marketing at Maple Leaf Cement. South Africa has imposed duty as high as 77% on Pakistan's cements. Adeel said that the drop in exports has adversely affected exporters in Punjab. The transportation cost from Punjab to Karachi Port also rose by US$20/t.
Another industry official said that the industry is not utilising its production capacity. "There is enough idle capacity. The government should step in to support the industry to export surplus volumes, otherwise cement exports will continue to decline in the coming months," said Shahzad Ahmed, a spokesman of the All Pakistan Cement Manufacturers Association (APCMA). "We expect the government to announce export incentives for the cement industry."
In September 2014, cement exports stood at 730,000t, according to APCMA data. Total cement dispatches were recorded at 2.95Mt in September 2015 compared to 3.15Mt in September 2014, showing a cut of 6.34%. The industry data showed that cement dispatches to domestic markets were 2.48Mt in September 2015 compared to 2.42Mt in September 2014, up by 2.6%.
The local industry has been demanding that the government curb cement imports from Iran, which they said is eating into local share. "The industry expects the government to take effective steps to stop the penetration of Iranian cement in Pakistani markets through massive under invoicing and/or mis-declaration," said Ahmed. He added that the mills in the south suffered more than those operating in northern part of the country.
In the south, domestic cement dispatches declined to 399,581t in September 2015 from 431,133t in September 2014. Domestic consumption in the north, however, rose to 2.08Mt in September 2015 from 1.99Mt in September 2014. Ahmed said that domestic dispatches in the north were nominally higher than the 2.02Mt of consumption in September 2015. "This shows that the pace of construction in the north has not been hit as badly as in the south," he said. The export decline was almost the same both in north and south. Cement exports from the north declined to 306,564t in September 2015 from 480,025t in September 2014. Exports from the south dipped to 160,698t in September 2015 from 249,906t in September 2014.
Pakistan: Listed cement producers in Pakistan continued to deliver double digit profitability growth in the 2015 fiscal year, which ended on 30 June 2015. Their collective profits grew by 13% year-on-year to US$446m, with the improvement in profits caused by volume growth and lower energy costs.
Local cement demand remained strong, rising by 8.2% to 28.3Mt. This was due to higher public and private sector. The growth in profits was also supported by declining financial charges and falling selling and distribution expenses.
However, not all results were encouraging. Exports fell by 11.7% year-on-year to 7.2Mt due to weak demand from the Afghan market coupled with anti-dumping duty imposed by South Africa on Pakistani cement manufacturers.
Total industry dispatches are expected to grow by 8.8% to 38.6Mt in the fiscal year to 30 June 2016, primarily due to strong local demand expected from higher infrastructure spending and mega-projects including the China Pakistan Economic Corridor.
Analysts expect that manufacturing costs for the coming fiscal year will remain 'benign' for the industry and will be led by lower energy costs. Lower electricity charges and shift to more efficient sources like waste heat recovery will lead to further decrease in power and fuel costs for manufacturers. Moreover, imported coal prices are expected to remain at lower levels, owing to slowdown in China's growth, which will further drive up margins of cement manufacturers.
Pakistan: The boards of directors of Bestway Cement and Pakcem have reported that net turnover increased by 5.4% to US$292m for Bestway Cement in the year that ended on 30 June 2015 and by 9.4% to US$53.5m for Pakcem for the six months that ended on 30 June 2015.
In its 2015 fiscal year, Bestway Cement's revenue grew by 4.18% to US$371m, its pre-tax profit grew by 10% to US$121m and its sales volumes grew by 1.2% to 4.42Mt. In the six months that ended on 30 June 2015, Pakcem's revenue grew by 11.5% to US$68.1m, its pre-tax profit grew by 11% to US$15.7m and its sales volumes grew by 8% to 836,000t.
"We are happy to share our annual results for 2014 - 2015 for Bestway Cement and six-month period for Pakcem, with growth in sales of 4.18% for Bestway and 11.5% for Pakcem,' said Zameer Choudrey, chief executive of Bestway Group. "This was a transformative year for us, with multiple major initiatives that will shape Bestway for years to come. We closed the year by becoming the largest cement manufacturer in Pakistan. Construction trends are favourable in Pakistan and I am confident that we are particularly well positioned to succeed and accelerate growth through innovation."
Domestic cement demand grew by 8% year-on-year to 28.2Mt. Exports, however, fell by 12% to 7.2Mt, mainly due to sluggish demand and competitive prices. The year 2014 - 2015 posed fierce competition for cement producers. However, Bestway Cement increased its market share in the north zone from 17% to 21.4% and became the largest cement producer in the country with 8Mt/yr of cement production capacity. Additionally, the company continued to be one of the largest cement exporters to Afghanistan and India.
During the year, Bestway Group further reduced its reliance on the national grid by taking energy-saving initiatives and launched two 6MW and 7.5MW waste heat recovery (WHR) power plants at its Hattar and Farooqia oplants. It also plans to inaugurate another 12MW plant at Pakcem Limited.
"We are confident about 2015 - 2016," said Choudrey. "The outlook for Pakistan's economy is positive, but there are still macroeconomic and geopolitical risks. We will continue to benefit from the positive development trend witnessed in infrastructure projects such as Pakistan China Economic Corridor. The considerable drop in global coal prices and lower interest rates will provide us with additional tailwind. In view of our strong positioning, our excellent product portfolio, our production sites in attractive locations and the commitment of our people, we are well-equipped to achieve our goals."
Pakistan: Higher volumetric sales and lower coal prices helped Maple Leaf Cement beat market expectations as the company boosted its profits by 22% to US$33.6m during its 2015 financial year that ended on 30 June 2015.
Maple Leaf Cement's revenue grew by 9.2% year-on-year to US$199m. The growth in earnings was due to higher dispatches and expansion in margins. Monetary easing and deleveraging helped ease Maple Leaf Cement's finance cost, which was US$9.59m, down by 26% from US$14.4m in its 2014 financial year. The company has announced a plan to invest US$47.9m in Maple Leaf Power Limited to set up a 40MW coal-fired power plant.
Pakistan: DG Khan Cement has signed a contract with Germany's Loesche GmbH to supply complete raw, cement and coal grinding mills for its greenfield cement plant in Lasbella, Baluchistan. The cement grinding mills will be provided by a German company, while Denmark's FLSmidth has been contracted for engineering and equipment, according to DG Khan Secretary Khalid Chohan. The new 9,000t/day plant will be completed with a cost of around US$300m within three years. DG Khan has already signed an agreement with K-Electric for the supply of 40MW of electricity.
Pakistan: Lucky Cement has reported a net profit of US$119m for the year that ended on 30 June 2015, some 9.6% higher than in the prior year. On a consolidated basis, Lucky Cement's net profit grew by 15.7% to US$132m for the year that ended on 30 June 2015.
Its net sales revenue improved by 3.9% to US$429m. The increase in net sales revenue was attributed mainly to an increase in sales volumes. Local sales volumes grew by 7% to 4.42Mt, while export sales fell by 4.5% to 2.37Mt.
Lucky Cement has also reported progress on its key foreign and local projects, including its integrated cement plant in the Democratic Republic of Congo, a 660MW supercritical coal-based power project, a 50MW wind farm, the electricity supply to PESCO and a waste heat recovery project at PEZU power plant.
Pakistan: Lucky Cement is close to winning a permit to extract limestone in Punjab province, signaling expansion plans by the nation's largest maker of the building material. An agreement is expected to be signed in the next few days, according to Arshad Mehmood, secretary for Punjab's mines and minerals department.
Lucky Cement is the third cement producer in Pakistan to have announced expansions after Attock Cement and D G Khan Cement earlier acted on signs that Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif is looking to boost infrastructure spending. "Everything is positive for construction," said Bilal Khan, analyst at Karachi-based Global Securities Pakistan. "If growth stays at the same pace, those who decide to expand today are the winners."
South African cement producers may be cheered this week with the news that Iranian cement is causing grief in Pakistan once more. Imported cement from Iran is allegedly undercutting local product in Pakistan through massive 'under-invoicing.' Sources quoted in Pakistan – itself a cement exporter (!) – described the situation as 'incomprehensible.'
The issue here is that Iran is doing to South Africa what Pakistan is doing to South Africa: selling cement cheaper than locally produced product. It's especially ironic this week because one Pakistani cement producer, Lucky Cement, is taking the fight against South African anti-dumping duties to the courts.
A report from July 2015 reckoned that Pakistan's cement exports might drop by 10 – 15% at the start of 2016 as economic sanctions on Iran are lifted. The report had a bit more sense than the usual scaremongering. It predicted that removing sanctions in Iran would not affect competition in Afghanistan as Iranian producers generally targeted Kandahar.
Despite this, cement exports to Afghanistan from Pakistan hit a high of 4.73Mt in the 2010 – 2011 financial year, according to All Pakistan Cement Manufacturers Association (APCMA) data. Since then they dwindled slightly for the next couple of years before decreasing more sharply from mid-2013. Overall exports fell by 11.57% to 7.2Mt in the 2014 – 2015 period. Pakistan's exports to Afghanistan may have been hit by the departure of North Atlantic Treaty Organisation (NATO) forces and a new cement plant in neighbouring Tajikistan.
In part the battle seems to be about tax. In June 2015 the APCMA lobbied the Pakistan government to cut duties. At the time these included a 5% federal excise duty and a 17% general sales tax on the retail price of cement. One APCMA spokesman reckoned that these taxes added US$1.56 per bag of cement. More recently the APCMA rallied against a tax on cement exports and an increase in import duties on coal. In this climate, repeated news stories on Iranian exports to Pakistan dodging taxes don't sound so good.
Meanwhile, back in South Africa, Lucky Cement has started to take legal action against anti-dumping duties imposed upon its cement exports by the International Trade Administration Commission of South Africa (ITAC). The ITAC imposed provisional anti-dumping duties of 14.3 – 77.2% on Portland Cement originating in or imported from Pakistan from 15 May 2015 for six months. The duty was imposed on bagged cement. Pakistan-based cement producers may defend themselves by saying that they are following the laws of the countries they are exporting to. In theory Iranian exports to Pakistan that pay the correct taxes should be the same price as Pakistani products.
What this debacle shows is that things could get a whole lot worse for coastal cement markets within easy reach of Iran once the sanctions fall. National bodies like the ITAC across the Middle East, South Asia and East Africa should start tightening up their import policies now.
Pakistan: Cherat Cement Company posted a profit of US$12.4m in the year ending 30 June 2015, a slight decrease from US$12.7m a year earlier. Turnover rose to US$63.2m compared to US$62.1m a year ago.
Pakistan/Iran: The Pakistani cement industry has once again spoken out against imported cement from Iran and alleged massive under-invoicing across the border. Industry sources said that the Iranian cement, which was earlier being smuggled, is now entering Pakistan at very low rates due to under-invoicing. They say that importing cement into Pakistan, itself a cement exporter is 'incomprehensible.'
Taha Khan Javed, Elixir Securities Pakistan's head of research, said that the government needs to realise that this lax attitude towards under-invoicing and the 'rampant' import of Iranian cement is hurting both the government and the local cement industry. Pakistan already has surplus capacity and its exports are falling due to a slowdown in exports to Afghanistan and other regions. In the case of Afghanistan this is also, in part, due to Iranian imports.